High altitude training, also known as altitude training, is a method of training athletes and fitness enthusiasts by exposing them to high altitudes above sea level. This type of training has been used by professional athletes for decades and has gained popularity in recent years. In this blog post, we will explore the benefits of high altitude training.
Increased red blood cell production
One of the primary benefits of high altitude training is increased red blood cell production. At high altitudes, the body produces more red blood cells to compensate for the lower oxygen levels. These extra red blood cells help to transport more oxygen to the muscles, which can improve endurance and performance. This effect can last for several weeks after returning to sea level, providing a competitive edge to athletes.
Improved cardiovascular fitness
Altitude training can also improve cardiovascular fitness by forcing the heart to work harder to pump oxygen to the muscles. This can result in a stronger heart and improved blood flow. Studies have shown that high altitude training can increase maximal oxygen uptake by up to 10%, which can have a significant impact on performance.
Increased lung capacity
Another benefit of altitude training is increased lung capacity. At high altitudes, the air pressure is lower, which means that the body must work harder to extract oxygen from the air. This can lead to improved lung function and increased capacity. This effect can last for several weeks after returning to sea level, allowing athletes to perform at a higher level.
Reduced muscle damage
High altitude training can also help to reduce muscle damage. The lower oxygen levels at high altitudes can cause the body to produce less lactic acid, which is responsible for muscle fatigue and soreness. This can result in faster recovery times and less muscle damage, allowing athletes to train harder and recover faster.
Training at high altitudes can also help to build mental toughness. The challenging conditions can push athletes to their limits and teach them to push through discomfort and fatigue. This mental toughness can translate to improved performance in competitions and other areas of life.
High altitude training offers a range of benefits for athletes and fitness enthusiasts. From increased red blood cell production and improved cardiovascular fitness to increased lung capacity and reduced muscle damage, altitude training can help athletes perform at a higher level. Additionally, the mental toughness gained from training at high altitudes can be invaluable in both sports and life.